Social Psychology Notes

Yeah So I took some notes optionally with this social psychology class I am about to wrap up.. I am going to share most of my notes from each chapter.. stuff mainly I think people can learn or benefit from.. if they have any interest in the field…Hope you all enjoy.. and get atleast ONE thing out of it..

– Chapter 1 –

– What is Social Psychology?
It’s a discipline that uses scientific methods in an attempt to understand and explain how the thoughts, feelings and behavior of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others.

• Social Psychology has been around for about 100 years
• Norman Triplett acredited for the first study in the field in 1895
• The Focus of “mainstream Social Psychology” is the individual and her or his interpretation of social situations.

– The Self is a symbol using social being who can reflect on his or her own behavior.

– Social Cognition is the way in which we interpret, analyze, remember and use information about our social world.
• Explicit Cognition is apart of our thinking which involves effort; it involves deliberate judgements or decisions of which we are consciously aware.
• Implicit Cognition is the opposite, it’s effortless thinking in which it involves judgements or decisions that are unintentionally and automatically evaluated occuring without our awareness.

– Individualism: A philosophy of life stressing the priority of individual needs over group needs; A preference for loosely knit social relationships and a desire to be relatively autonomous of others influence.
– Collectivism: A philosophy of life stressing the priority of group needs over individual needs; A preference for tightly knit social relationships and a willingness to submit to the influence of ones group.

• Thomas Jefferson asserted that individual(s) rights were more important that group rights (hence the Declaration of Independence)
• Collectivist cultures tend to value similarity and conformity rather than uniqueness and Independence.
• Approximately 70% of the worlds population lives in collectivist oriented cultures.

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