Chapter 3 – The Self

Yeah I skipped chapter two, because I took like 5 lines of notes.. it was on research methods.. BORING

– Chapter 3 –

The Nature of the Self

The Self has 2 distinct natures; the “I” and “me”. The “I” is the executive function of the self, it makes decisions, initiates behavior and exerts control over the self and the enviroment. The “me” is who you are as a self, what you emotionally identify with, your body, your feelings, your beliefs and attitudes. Your “me” is who defines you – but subsequently is everchanging.

Self-Concept: is the sum total of a person’s thoughts and feelings that defines the self as an object.

Self-Awareness: is a psychological state in which you take yourself as an object of attention
(typically develops within the first 18 months of an infants life). Has two types private and public.

Self-Consciousness: is the habitual tendency to engage in self-awareness. Also has to types being private and public. Peole high in private self-consciousness will tend to experience greater intensification of affect, greater clarification of knowledge, and greater adherence to personal standards. People high in public self-consciousness are more concerned about how others judge them, also more likely to withdrawal from embarrassing situations.

Self-Regulation: is the ways in which people control and direct their own action.

Self-Esteem: A persons evaluation of his or her self-concept. Two forms of self-esteem: Explicit, which a persons consciousness and deliberate evaluation of self-concept. Along with Implicit, which is a persons unconscious and unintentional evaluation of self-concept.

After a negative personal experience people generally engage in self-awareness in order to better understand what happened.

Self-Discrepancies: Discrepancies between our self-concept and how we would ideally like to be (ideal self) – OR – believe others think we should be (ought self).

Self-schema: Some Social Psychologists use this term as equivalent to “self-concept”, while others use a more restrictive definition. Self-schema is the structure tha represents how you think about yourself in a particular domain and how you organize your experiences in that domain.

Self-Enhancement: is the process of seeking out and interpretting situations so as to attain a positive view on ones self.

Self-Verification: is the process of seeking out and interpretting situations so as to confirm ones self-concept.

“Put your hand on a hot stove for a minute and it seems like an hour, Sit with a pretty girl for an hour and it seems like a minute. THAT’S relativity.” – Albert Einstein

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